Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) careers are quickly becoming highly sought after positions across the world, and Cambodia is no exception. With an economy that is rapidly developing and opening up to international investors, young Cambodians need to be aware of what jobs are available and what skills they require for each job. However, the country currently faces a serious shortage of STEM professionals. Many young people are not choosing to go into STEM careers because they perceive the subjects as being too difficult, not well respected, or they believe they won’t lead to well-paid jobs. But Cambodia needs more Engineers, more Doctors, more Network Developers and more Statisticians in order for it to develop”, it is the message of H.E. William Longhurst, Ambassador of British Embassy.

Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) professionals create, explain, build, and innovate the world around us. Cambodia needs more young people skilled and qualified in these subjects to develop our human resources, the economy, and drive our nation’s development. As our country develops and our economy grows, the Cambodian populace must adapt by shifting toward the jobs that the job market offers. And for our country to continue growing, we must encourage our young students to explore the demand of skills. Our nation needs STEM graduates to become more competitive in the region and the world, most notably as we integrate with the ASEAN Economic Community. I encourage Cambodian students to take a strong interest in these subjects, and parents and teachers to support students going into STEM majors and careers, said H.E. Hang Chuon Naron, Minister of Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports.

Produced by Saint Blanquat & Associates, Co., Ltd and funded by the British Embassy Phnom Penh, the 31-page booklet identifies the top 20 STEM careers in Cambodia over the next 10 years and includes information on education/ training required where to study and what salary to expect.

MANUFACTURING:

– Production Line Supervisor

Production Line Supervisors oversee the workflow of an assembly line, whether for food or electronics, making sure that every little job that goes into creating a single product is done properly. They motivate and support staff and ensure that work shifts are always filled.

– Automation Technician

Automation Technicians ensure that all machines in large factories or in an assembly line, for example, function properly. They fix and maintain machinery to ensure optimal output and efficiency.

CONSTRUCTION:

– Architect

An Architect is a designer, from the exterior to the interior of a building or residence. They bring together various ideas and put them all into one design.

– Civil Engineer

Civil Engineers bring designs and plans to life, building structures and ensuring they are ready to withstand storms, blizzards and other natural occurrences.

– Construction Site Supervisor

Construction Site Supervisors oversee the daily tasks that take place on a work site and ensure that each of these tasks is completed in a timely and efficient manner. They liaise between employees and contractors.

– Health & Safety Engineer

Health & Safety Engineers look after the safety of employees by enforcing all safety standards at any given place. They make sure employees and employers follow the required safety measures to ensure that the workers are able to work each day with no injury.

– Project Manager

A Project Manager is charged with overseeing the entirety of a project, from liaising with contractors and subcontractors to working with Site Supervisors and making sure all the work gets done correctly, in a timely manner, and to budget.

ENERGY & UTILITIES:

– Water Supply Expert

Water Supply Experts don’t just make sure that homes and businesses have access to water, they also work on systems of sewage management and wastewater disposal.

– Water Sanitation Expert

The Water Sanitation Experts play a crucial role in helping rural communities maintain safe and hygienic living standards by providing technical guidance and education on things such as improved waste disposal methods.

FOOD & BEVERAGE:

– Quality Assurance Specialist

The Quality Assurance Specialists play a key role in helping food & beverage companies sustain their reputation in the business. He/she has an understanding of food processing and production, in order

to ensure quality meets local and international standards, so that customers are buying safe products.

HEALTH & SCIENCE:

– Chemist

A Chemist finds ways to improve the living standard of people with chemicals. They use their knowledge of chemicals to develop new products, such as drugs, cosmetics and even new types of synthetic fibres. A Chemist also plays an important role in the energy industry by working on petrochemical processes to reach optimal energy use and reduce pollution, just as a Chemist plays an important role in the development of new drugs, by overseeing the development process and determining the quality and stability of these drugs. A Chemist can also work in a pharmacy where he/she focuses on safe and effective medication dosage and usage.

– Public Health Analyst

A Public Health Analyst plays an important role in supporting communities and families to understand and manage health related issues; from knowing which insurance plan best matches you and your family, to advocating for healthier living and eating.

– Doctor (General Practitioner)

A General Practitioner is a Medical Doctor who is your first point of contact when you do not feel well. They help you understand what you may be suffering from, taking into account mental, physical and social factors, and referring you to specialists for treatment if required.

– Medical Laboratory Technician

Lab Technicians perform tests and analysis that provide Physicians with data that they can use to better understand and treat patients. They help diagnose diseases like Cancer, AIDS and Diabetes.

– Psychologist

A Psychologist helps people overcome issues and promotes positive mental health by understanding and analysing their thought process, behaviour and personality. They work with individuals of all ages, or in groups.

FINANCIAL SERVICES:

– Economist

An Economist conducts intensive research and collects data to help us understand the basics of supply and demand, whether on a micro or macro scale. He/she will explore and discover trends that will help shape policy and business decisions for governments and for companies.

– Actuary

An Actuary is a Mathematician that uses data to make statistical analysis to help understand financial risks, related to life insurance and high finance. They use these data analyses to help companies come up with new pricing plans for healthcare and insurance, create new complex financial products and help shape government healthcare policies.

– Financial Analyst

A Financial Analyst helps companies understand the current trends of industries and allows them to make key business decisions, by providing buy/sell recommendations to clients or employers. By understanding what is going on in which industry, they also help companies identify and enter into new business opportunities, such as new industries.

AUTO:

– Mechanic

A Mechanic inspects automobiles and performs basic and advanced maintenance and repair work, on motorcycles, cars, buses and industrial vehicles. Their tasks range from bodywork to engines, transmissions, brakes, cooling systems and on-board system maintenance, including electrical wiring, among other things.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY:

– Network Analyst

A Network Analyst helps run and manage the network infrastructure of a company. They maintain the network system so that employees, clients and customers are able to communicate via secure channels (e-mail, telephone) with ease. They guarantee the daily efficiency of company operations.

– Software Programmer

A Software Programmer is tasked with maintaining a facility’s computer system. He/she helps business operations run smoothly by allowing computer systems to process information step-by-step.

Source: the British Embassy Phnom Penh